Yet classification is a matter of form rather than substance since similar rules often prevail. The Old Testament dates back to 1280 BC and takes the form of moral imperatives as recommendations for a good society. The small Greek city-state, ancient Athens, from about the 8th century BC was the first society to be based on broad inclusion of its citizenry, excluding women and enslaved people. However, Athens had no legal science or single word for “law”, relying instead on the three-way distinction between divine law (thémis), human decree and custom (díkē).
- Shipping companies operate through ordinary principles of commercial law, generalised for a global market.
- In developing the common law, academic writings have always played an important part, both to collect overarching principles from dispersed case law, and to argue for change.
- While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.